Class and Shell Shock during the First World War

PDF with references available >here< How did class influence the diagnosis and treatment of shell-shock in Britain during the First World War? The Great War was the largest, most industrialised and destructive war that had ever been fought. And the effect of war on the Western Front on the minds, as well as the bodies, of […]

Why was masturbation such a medical concern in the 19th century? 

Before the 1700s, masturbation had been condemned on specifically religious grounds. It was considered sinful because it ‘denied the “natural” function of sexuality’, i.e. procreation. As A. N. Gilbert writes, ‘[a]s a sexual act, it meshed easily with the traditional Christian distrust of sensuality and bodily pleasure.’ But by the nineteenth century onwards, doctors had […]