Did the ‘Great Terror’ reflect the ‘Self-Destruction of the Bolsheviks’, as J. Arch Getty has asserted?

J. Arch Getty is one of the leading historians of the Great Terror. In The Road to Terror, published in 1999, one of his fundamental arguments is that the Terror was a part of the the Bolshevik Party’s own self-destruction. This is tied into Getty’s overarching ‘revisionist’ argument, in which he argues that the Soviet […]

An evaluation of the transition from European indentured servants to African slaves on the plantations of mainland America and the British West Indies.

Before the widespread use of slavery in mainland America and the British West Indies, the predominant form of labour was that of white indentured servitude. These were mostly unskilled workers who had emigrated from Britain and Ireland who entered into a contract usually lasting between 2 and 10 years of labouring in the colonies. First […]

In Defence of Hobsbawm’s ‘Primitive Rebels’ Thesis

To what extent has the historiography of anarchism in Spain advanced since Eric Hobsbawm advanced his thesis of ‘primitive rebels’? Anarchism made its first appearance in Spain between 1868 and 1873, during the country’s bourgeois revolutionary period ‘when pillars of the old semi-feudal regime finally collapsed’. This was concurrent with the arrival of the Italian Giuseppe Fanelli, […]

Clear out the Reds! Anti-Communism and the Conservative Right: The Case of Oliver Locker-Lampson, 1926-1933

Submitted as a dissertation for the part fulfilment of an M.A. degree in Modern History, at the University of Leeds, 2016. Original PDF including footnotes and bibliography available here. ———— Introduction The period that followed the end of the First World War was one of destabilisation and social upheaval throughout Europe. In Russia, the Bolshevik-led […]

Why was the British slave trade abolished in 1807?

On 25th March 1807 the Slavery Abolition Act was passed in Parliament, ending the legal trade in slaves throughout the British Empire. Only fifty years prior to the passing of the act, abolishing the slave trade would have been inconceivable––slavery had been central to the British economy for over 200 years, and had served as […]

Winston Churchill and the Rise of Bolshevism 1917–1927

Winston Churchill and the Rise of Bolshevism 1917–1927 The period 1917 to 1927 was one of significant social and political upheaval and revolution across the world, but nowhere so much as in Russia, when on 7 November 1917, the Bolshevik Revolution took place. Power was transferred to the soviets across the country, ousting the Provisional […]

Class and Shell Shock during the First World War

PDF with references available >here< How did class influence the diagnosis and treatment of shell-shock in Britain during the First World War? The Great War was the largest, most industrialised and destructive war that had ever been fought. And the effect of war on the Western Front on the minds, as well as the bodies, of […]